Gulf’s 1st geothermal district cooling project G2COOL begins operation

By Arya M Nair, Official Reporter
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G2Cool Plant
Rep.Image | Courtesy: ADNOC

Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC) and the National Central Cooling Company (Tabreed), have started operations at G2COOL, the first district cooling project in the Gulf region to harness geothermal energy.

The landmark plant will further decarbonize the way buildings are cooled in Masdar City while diversifying the UAE’s energy mix in support of the UAE National Energy Strategy 2050.

The G2COOL plant produces naturally occurring hot water found underground through two geothermal wells. The hot water is fed into absorption cooling technology to produce the chilled water needed by Tabreed for its district cooling activities. The chilled water derived from this source of clean energy accounts for 10 percent of Masdar City’s cooling needs.

The project is enabled by ADNOC’s initial $15 billion allocation towards low-carbon solutions and will support its decarbonization plan and net zero by 2045 ambition.

Musabbeh Al Kaabi_G2COOL starts operation
Musabbeh Al Kaabi
Executive Director,
Low carbon solutions & International growth,

“This project is the latest in ADNOC’s strategy to develop and deploy technologies that will help our company and country to decarbonize. For the very first time, we have tapped into the abundance of clean underground thermal energy available here in the UAE. Early efficiency performance from the G2COOL plant has surpassed our expectations, proving that geothermal energy is a viable way to decarbonize the way we cool buildings, which is one of the most energy-intensive activities in our region. I look forward to working with partners and pioneers to find fresh ways of harnessing this underground heat to further support ADNOC’s accelerated decarbonization plan and net zero by 2045 ambition.”

The cooling of buildings accounts for up to 70 percent of the UAE’s electricity consumption. District cooling offers a sustainable alternative to traditional cooling methods as it is around 50 percent more energy efficient in its standard operations. Integrating geothermal energy within district cooling operations can significantly reduce electricity demand for cooling from the grid.

Mr. Khaled Al Qubaisi, Tabreed’s Chairman, said that “As our country welcomes the world for COP28, Tabreed is proud to announce such promising results from the Gulf region’s first geothermal energy project. This pioneering pilot project has confirmed that geothermal provides a viable, renewable source of clean energy that can support district cooling across the UAE. Our partnership with ADNOC on geothermal shows what can be achieved through a shared commitment to progress.”

The G2COOL plant is located in Masdar City, a sustainable urban community and world-class business-free zone and technology hub in Abu Dhabi.

Mr. Ahmed Baghoum, CEO of Masdar City, stated that “Cooling more sustainably is one of Masdar City’s greatest challenges. Producing the equivalent of 10 percent of our district cooling needs using geothermal energy is an enormous leap on our journey to achieving net-zero. We are delighted to work with Tabreed and ADNOC on this project to create a more sustainable future together.”

Building on the success of the G2COOL plant, ADNOC is also working with several companies to maximize the contribution of geothermal energy in the UAE using the latest drilling and power generation technologies.

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